It's a small World

#Fun_Facts: Finding the links between the languages of the world.

The inspiration from this blog came from an incident in Denmark. I went to a nearby 7-11 store to buy juice. While surfing through the racks, i found a juice packet labeled “Ananas Juice” with a picture of Pineapple printed on it. I googled immediately and found that “Ananas” is danish for “Pinaapple“.  I was astonished because far away in my homeland, “Ananas” is Hindi for “Pineapple“. And then i googled further and found that the Portuguese also call the “Pineapple” fruit by same name, “Ananas“.  The wikipedia states “The word Ananas is derived from the Guarani name for the pineapple, via Portuguese. In many languages, pineapple is called “ananas“.

This triggered a thought in my mind to ponder over the languages of the countries where i had visited earlier. I did the same, accompanied by some internet research and realized some very strange similarities in the languages of the world.

I realized that Kitaab, Aulad, Kursi, etc. are spelled the same way in Arabic and Hindi.

Cotton is spelled as kutoon in Arabic. And the new Arabic vocab says Alkool for alcohol.

The strangest link was the unique word “Va“, which means “And” both in Sanskrit and Arabic.

Further, as i searched for more doublets across different languages i came across some very interesting facts on internet and compiled some of them below:

  • It’s estimated that up to 7,000 different languages are spoken around the world.
  • Indo-European family is the biggest and oldest family of languages.
  • 2,200 of the world’s languages can be found in Asia.
  • Some of the oldest languages known include Sanskrit, Sumerian, Hebrew, Greek, Latin and Basque.
  • As per the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) Language theory, all the languages of the world are descendants and evolved forms of PIE (ancient form of Sanskrit+Greek+Latin)

Some amazing similarities (#Fun_fact):

English-Persian-Sanskrit-Hindi Prism

ANGUSHTHA of Sanskrit is ANGUSHTA in Persian.
For Hand, the Sanskrit word is HASTA in both Sanskrit and Persian.
BHRATRI of Sanskrit is BIRADAR in Persian, BROTHER in English.
What BETTER is in English is BEHTAR in Persian and Urdu and VRIHATTAR in Sanskrit.
NAME(English) and NAAM(Hindi-Sanskrit) are so similar.

When C is pronounced as S, no wonder that SAMITI (Sanskrit) became COMMITTEE (English). DUHITRI in Sanskrit is DUKHTAR in Persian and DAUGHTER in English. Greek MATRE is MOTHER in English, MAATRI in Sanskrit, MAADER in Persian and MAATAA in Hindi.

DOOR of English is DWAAR in Hindi-Sanskrit and DAR in Urdu -Persian. AIK (one) of Hindi is YAK in Persian. Sanskrit SHASHTHA became SIX in English. SEPT became SAPT in Sanskrit and HAFT in Persian. Deca of Greek is DUS in Hindi and DASH in Sanskrit. FATHER is PIDAR in Persian and PITRI in Sanskrit. Persian JUGRAFIA became GEOGRAPHY in English, JARAASEEM is GERMS. GRASS is GHAAS in Hindi and GHAYAAS in Persian. Wheat is called GODHOOM in Sanskrit and GANDUM in Persian. ANTAR of Hindi-Sanskrit is INTER of English.  MOOSHAK of Sanskrit is MOOS in Persian and MOUSE in English for the same rodent.

Mihir means Sun both in Sanskrit and Persian. MYTH in English is MITHYA in Hindi-Sanskrit.  English NEW is NAV in Sanskrit and NAU in Persian. Path of English is Path in Hindi.  English SAINT is Hindi SANT. The list is unending. Even UNENDING is ANANTAH in Sanskrit.

Another typical example is of Hindi and Finnish.

(The similarity in Finnish and Hindi shows that not only the vocab, but the grammar is also cognate in many languages.)

Finnish Meaning Hindi Meaning
vetää pulls Karna to do
vedättää causes something to pull karaana to make someone do
vedätyttää causes someone to cause something to pull karwaana to get someone to make yet another person do

Such examples of similar grammar exists across the world. The Proto-Indo-European Language research unveils many such identities and the evolution pattern of the languages on this planet. Evolution as we say is unevitable and thus we still see some people working on this rare science invented by humans.

  • Around 200 artificial languages have been created since the 17th century.
  • The world’s most widely spoken languages by number of native speakers and as a second language, according to figures from UNESCO (The United Nations’ Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), are: Mandarin Chinese, English, Spanish, Hindi, Arabic, Bengali, Russian, Portuguese, Japanese, German and French.
  • When NASA launched the ‘Voyager 1 & 2’ spacecraft in 1977, they put on board golden discs containing the sights and sounds of Earth, including greetings in 55 of the world’s most widely understood languages. These are currently travelling through space!

We may someday have an alien visitor speaking one of these languages 🙂

Some interesting related references :

http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2013/05/english-may-have-retained-words-.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-European_language

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Open your eyes

Developing India or Developing Poverty ?

Contribution from Political Class :

( The Vision ! ~ if only it was attainable through their words… )

  • Nehru (PM, 1947 – 1964) in his “tryst with destiny” speech qot’d “The service of India means the service of the millions who suffer. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity.”
  • Indira Gandhi ….. Rajiv GandhiGaribi Hatao (1960s – 1991) ~ Uproot Poverty
  • Manmohan Singh … 2004 – “My top most priority is to deal with India’s massive social and economic problems, so that chronic poverty, ignorance and disease can be conquered in a reasonably short period of time.”
  • Sonia gandhi (2013) – “…have to pull 7 crore families out of poverty in next 10 years”

Interesting Facts (Source: Wikipedia)

In 1947, the average annual income in India was US$619, compared with US$439 for China.

By 1999, the numbers were US$1,818 IndiaUS$3,259 China

2012, India US$3,876(rank 135 from lowest) , China US$ 9,233, Sri Lanka US$ 6,247, Pakistan US$ 2,891(rank 126 from lowest)

( only 8 countries lie between india and pakistan ! )

The real eyeopeners that remain unseen :

<<2001>>

Analysts such as the founder of Forecasting International, Marvin J. Cetron writes that an estimated 300 million Indians now belong to the middle class; one-third of them have emerged from poverty in the last ten years. However, this has to be seen in perspective as the population of India has increased by 370 million from 1991 and 190 million from 2001 so the absolute number of poor has increased.

<<2006>>

As of 2006, the government spends less than 0.2% of GDP on agriculture and less than 3% of GDP on education.

Those who have taken their lives were deep in debt – peasant households in debt doubled in the first decade of the neoliberal “economic reforms,” from 26 per cent of farm households to 48.6 per cent. Meanwhile, all along, India kept reducing investment in agriculture (standard neoliberal procedure). Life was being made more and more impossible for small farmers.

However, some government schemes such as the mid-day meal scheme, and the NREGA have been partially successful in providing a lifeline for the rural economy and curbing the further rise of poverty.

<<2007>

In a report by Chetan Ahya , executive director at Morgan Stanley, it is pointed out that there has been a wealth increase of close to US$1 trillion in the time frame of 2003-2007 in the Indian stock market, while only 4%-7% of the Indian population hold any equity.

During the time when public investment in agriculture shrank to 2% of the GDP, the nation suffered the worst agrarian crisis in decades, the same time as India became the nation of second highest number of dollar billionaires.

<<2008>>

A UN Study –  “A 2008 study concluded that the money spent on in-kind transfers in India in a year could lift all India’s poor out of poverty for that year if transferred directly.”

<<2009>>

The effects of the worldwide recession in 2009 have plunged 100 million more Indians into poverty than there were in 2004, increasing the effective poverty rate from 27.5% to 37.2%

<<present>>

Poverty rates in rural Orissa (43%) and rural Bihar (41%) are among the world’s most extreme.

 

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poverty_in_India

 

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